WILDFLOWERS OF NEW MEXICO

 

Bushy plants 1–10-feet tall can form dense, thorny thickets covered with showy rose to pink flowers. Note the straight to slightly curved thorns to 1/4-inch long (6 mm) at the branch internodes with noticeably different prickles in between.


FLOWERS: May–August. Fragrant flowers to 2-inches wide (5 cm), usually 2–3 in a cluster at branch tips; 5 oval petals 5/8–1-inch long (15–25 mm), numerous stamens with showy yellow anthers. Fruit a red, rounded to elliptical hip 1/4–1/2-inch diameter (7–12 mm), not prickly.


LEAVES: Alternate. Odd-pinnately compound with 5–7 elliptic to oval leaflets along midrib, size variable to 2-inches long (5 cm) and 1-inch wide (2.5 cm), margins serrated.


HABITAT: Moist sandy, clay loam soils, sunny slopes, open forests, drainages; pinyon-juniper, ponderosa, spruce-fir forests.


ELEVATION: 5,500–11,000 feet.


RANGE: AZ, CO, NM, TX, UT; Rocky Mountains and westward.


SIMILAR SPECIES: Of the 5 native species of red roses in NM, this is the most common. Desert Rose, R. stellata, widespread in southern NM in desert scrub and pinyon-juniper, has solitary flowers (not clusters), leaves with 3–5 wedge-shaped leaflets and hips with prickles.


NM COUNTIES: Statewide in mountains of NM (absent eastern plains) at mid- to high-elevation moist habitats: Bernalillo, Catron, Cibola, Colfax, Dona Ana, Grant, Harding, Hidalgo, Lincoln, Los Alamos, McKinley, Mora, Otero, Rio Arriba, San Juan, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Sierra, Socorro, Taos, Torrance, Union, Valencia.

WOODS  ROSE

ROSA  WOODSII

Rose Family, Rosaceae

Perennial, deciduous shrub

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Leaves have 5–7 oval leaflets with toothed edges (lower arrow).

The hips are smooth without prickles (upper arrow).

Woods Rose makes an attractive  native landscape plant.

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