WILDFLOWERS OF NEW MEXICO

 
 

This 1-3 feet tall plant with multiple, erect, silky-hairy stems and showy, greenish-white flowers spreads by rhizomes and forms colonies in wet areas. Note the secondary leaves (involucral bracts) whorled at mid-stem, the long, cylindrical seed head that resembles a thimble, and the fuzzy petal-like sepals.


FLOWERS: May–July. Multiple flower stems (peduncles) 4–12 inches long rise from mid-stem leaf-like bracts; flowers 3/4 inch diameter with 5 greenish-white, petal–like sepals 3/16–1/2-inch (5–12 mm) long; top surface hairless, underside silky-hairy; 50–75 stamens; the seed head elongates into a cylindrical column 3/4–1 3/4-inches long (2–4.5 cm).


LEAVES: Basal, shinny green; 5–10 palmately compound leaves with 3 lance-shaped, silky-hairy leaflets on 3 1/2–8 1/4-inch (9–21 cm) long stems (petioles). Deeply lobed, leaf-like involucral bracts similar to basal leaves are whorled mid-way up the stem.


HABITAT: Gravel-loam, moist soils; mountain meadows, open forests, stream banks, canyons, roadside ditches, pastures; prairies, foothills, pinyon-juniper, ponderosa woodlands.


ELEVATION: 6,800-7,700 feet.


RANGE: AZ, CO, CT, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, ME, MA, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE , NH, NJ, NM, NY, ND, OH, PA, RI, SD, VT, WI, WY;  Canada.


SIMILAR SPECIES: Five species of Anemone in NM: Canada Anemone, A. canadensis with white flowers and simple (though lobed) basal leaves; Pasque Flower, A. patens (Pulsatilla patens), has blue to purple flowers; Cutleaf Anemone, A. multifida, in northern NM, has pink to maroon flowers and silky-hairy, compound basal leaves; Desert Anemone, A. tuberosa, in southern NM, has pink to white flowers and hairless, compound basal leaves.


NM COUNTIES: Northern and central NM mountains in moist habitats: Colfax, Grant, Lincoln, Los Alamos, Otero, Rio Arriba, Taos, Torrance, San Miguel, Sandoval, Santa Fe, Union.

CANDLE  ANEMONE,  THIMBLEWEED

ANEMONE  CYLINDRICA

Buttercup Family, Ranunculaceae

Perennial herb

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photo LBJ Wildflower Center-unrestricted

photos Wikimedia Commons